Hayvanların Yaşamı-Animal Life

2011-05-26 08:44:00


To mark 20 years of field study, Conservation International's


You can guess the theme with RAP, so check out their cool video: Download RAP STARS MUSIC VIDEO

The director of CI's RAP is Leeanne Alonso, who helped to select the top 20. “It’s been an amazing adventure,” Alonso was quoted as saying in a press release. “Despite the pressures we put on nature, it continues to mystify, inspire and teach us with a wealth of hidden treasures and ecosystem services that people rely on, and that we’re still only beginning to understand.”


(Dr. Leeanne Alonso, Conservation International's Rapid Assessment Program Director © Conservation International/ photo by Leeanne Alonso)

Alonso, who has coordinated and led surveys for the past 13 years, has also just edited a new book, “Still Counting...” It revisits RAP expeditions that occurred during the past two decades. During that time, the researchers completed 80 surveys in 27 countries. Most turned up incredible, and often bizarre, species that we've frequently informed you about here at Discovery. Many are endangered and in places that are threatened by pollution, habitat loss and other human-related problems.

Russ Mittermeier, CI's president who went on many of the surveys, says that in doing the RAP work: “We have truly laid the groundwork for the future and created constituencies that are already carrying the cause of conservation forward.”

SLIDE SHOW: Extreme Creatures Survive at Earth's Fringes

"In spite of all that we have learned, there is still much to do," he added. "The pressures on the countries richest in biodiversity have not diminished, and many regions still remain unexplored. Knowledge has already helped to conserve some of the world’s highest priority sites and regions, and knowledge will continue to be our strongest tool in ensuring the future of life on our planet.”

Did you know, for example, that there are approximately 1.9 million documented species of animals, but it's estimated that up to 30 million species of organisms are yet to be discovered and scientifically described? Many disappear before scientists ever have the chance to discover and study them. This unfortunate process is known as Centinelan extinction.

SLIDE SHOW: Spectacular New Species Found in Amazon

The good news is that the 20 RAP stars now have an improved chance of survival, given CI's involvement. Without further delay, here they are:

1.    Popular name: “Satanic Leaf-tailed Gecko”
•    Scientific name:  Uroplatus phantasticus  (previously seen, NOT new to science)
•    location:  MADAGASCAR


(© Piotr Naskrecki, Conservation International’s Rapid Assessment Program)

2.    Popular name:  “ET salamander”
•     Scientific name:  Bolitoglossa sp. nov; (NEW to science, discovered by RAP)
•    Location:  ECUADOR


(© Jessica Deichmann)

3.    Popular name:  “Pinocchio frog”
•    Scientific name:  Litoria sp. nov  (NEW to science, discovered by RAP)
•    location:  PAPUA NEW GUINEA


(© Tim Laman)

4.    Popular name:  “Large Green Tree Frog”
•    Scientific name: Nyctimystes sp.  (NEW to science, discovered by RAP)
•    Location:  PAPUA NEW GUINEA


(© Conservation International/ photo by Stephen Richards)

5.    Popular name:  “Chinchilla Tree Rat”
•    Scientific name: Cuscomys ashaninka (NEW to science, discovered by RAP)
•    Location:  PERU


(© Louise Emmons)

6.    Popular name: “Yoda bat” (Tube-nosed Fruit Bat)
•    Scientific name:  Nyctimene sp. nov; (NEW to science, but previously discovered)
•    Location: PAPUA NEW GUINEA

(© Piotr Naskrecki)

7.    Popular name:  “Smoky honeyeater”
•    Scientific name: Melipotes carolae  (NEW to science, discovered by RAP)
•    Location:  INDONESIA (Western New Guinea)


(© Bruce Beeler)

8.    Popular name:  “Gola Malimbe”
•    Scientific name: Malimbus ballmanni   (previously seen, NOT new to science)
•    Location:  GUINEA  


(© David Monticelli)

9.    Popular name:  “Walking shark”
•    Scientific name: Hemiscyllium galei   (NEW to science, discovered by RAP)
•    Location:  INDONESIA  


(© Gerald Allen)

10.    Popular name:  “Flasher Wrasse”
•    Scientific name: Paracheilinus nursalim  (NEW to science, discovered by RAP)
•    Location: INDONESIA


(© Gerald Allen)

11.    Popular name: “Suckermouth catfish”
•    Scientific name: Pseudancistrus kwinti   (NEW to science, discovered by RAP)
•    Location: SURINAME


(© Phil Willink)

12.    Popular name:  “Peacock katydid”
•    Scientific name:   Pterochroza ocellata  (previously seen, NOT new to science)
•    Location:  GUYANA  


(© Piotr Naskrecki)

13.    Popular name:  “RAP katydid”  (**named after CI’s Rapid Assessment Program)
•    Scientific name:  Brachyamytta rapidoaestima   (NEW to science, discovered by RAP)
•    Location:  GHANA & GUINEA


(© Piotr Naskrecki)

14.    Popular name:  “Dragonfly”   
•    Scientific name:  Platycypha eliseva  (NEW to science, discovered by RAP)

(© Klaas-Douwe B. Dijkstra)

15.    Popular name:  “Conservation International Blattodean”
•    Scientific name:  Simandoa conserfariam    (NEW to science, discovered by RAP)
•    Location:  GUINEA  


(© Piotr Naskrecki)

16.    Popular name:  “Fish-hook Ant”
•    Scientific name:  Polyrhachis bihamata (previously seen, NOT new to science)
•    Location:  CAMBODIA  


(© Piotr Naskrecki)

17.    Popular name:  “Tigress Ant”
•    Scientific name:   Strumigenys tigris   (previously seen, NOT new to science)
•    Location:  PAPUA NEW GUINEA


(© Piotr Naskrecki)

18.    Popular name:  “Emperor scorpion”  
•    Scientific name:  Pandinus imperator  (previously seen, NOT new to science)
•    Location:  GHANA 


(© Piotr Naskrecki)

19.    Popular name:  “Goliath bird-eating spider”
•    Scientific name:  Theraphosa blondi   (previously seen, NOT new to science)
•    Location:  GUYANA


(© Piotr Naskrecki)  

20.    Popular name:  “Dinospider”
•    Scientific name:   Ricinoides atewa  (NEW to science, discovered by RAP)
•    Location:  GHANA 

1249290062_jwphA-XL (© Piotr Naskrecki)

(Satanic Leaf-Tailed Gecko; © Piotr Naskrecki)Rapid Assessment Program has just named the Top 20 "RAP" Stars of the program's history. According to CI, these species are "some of the most biologically surprising, unique, or threatened discoveries" from their teams’ surveys.SLIDE SHOW: 'RAP Star' Species: Insect Edition

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